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赛义德·库特卜极端主义思想探微

2011年05月02日 20:09
来源:西亚非洲 作者:胡雨

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注释:

主要的三种解释分别是:1. 极端的解释认为库特卜所指的蒙昧指涉的是全世界,因此圣战即对这些非伊斯兰之地的武装斗争;2.对于所谓的叛教者指涉的是国家领导人,所以推翻现有政权为首要目标;3. 蒙昧指涉的是精神方面而非实质的对象。这三种诠释并非单纯知识的分歧,而是在不同情形下,不同伊斯兰团体可藉此做出回应,前一种成为70年代乃至本·拉登基地组织的意识形态;后一种成为以埃及穆斯林兄弟会为主流思潮。参见Gilles Kepel, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam, trans. Anthony F. Roberts, Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2002, pp.31-32.

 

参考文献:

[1] Lawrence Wright, The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007.

[2] Gilles Kepel, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam, Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002.

[3] R. Hrair Dekmejian, Islam in Revolution: Fundamentalism in the Arab World, 2nd ed., Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995.

[4] Youssef M. Choueiri, Islamic Fundamentalism, London and Washington: Pinter, 1997.

[5] Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples, New York: MJF Books, 1991.

[6] Gilles Kepel, Muslim Extremisn in Egypt: The Prophet and the Pharoah, trans. J. Rothschild, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

[7] William E. Shepard, “Sayyid Qutb’s Doctrine of Jahiliyya,” International Journal of Middle

 East Studies, 35(2003).

[8] Sayed Khatab, The Political Thought of Sayyid Qutb: the Theory of Jahiliyyah, London and

 New York: Routledge, 2006.

[9] Emmanuel Sivan, Radical Islam: Medieval Theology and Modern Politics, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

[10] Sayyid Qutb, Milestones, Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Printers, 1978.

[11] David Cook, Understanding Jihad, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

[12] 蔡德贵.当代伊斯兰阿拉伯哲学研究[M]. 北京:人民出版社,2001.

[13] William E. Shepard, Sayyid Qutb and Islamic Activism: A Translation and Critical Analysis of Social Justice in Islam, Leiden: E.J.Brill, 1996.

[14] Carl L.Brown, Religion and State: The Muslim Approach to Politics, New York:Columbia University Press, 2000.

[15] John L. Esposito, Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam, New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

[16] Barbara Zollner, “Prison Talk: The Muslim Brotherhood’s Internal Struggle during Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Persecution, 1954 to 1971,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 39(2007).

[17] Jeffrey T. Kenney, Muslim Rebels: Kharijites and the Politics of Extremism in Egypt, New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

[18] Olivier Roy, The Failure of Political Islam, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994.

[19] 马克思恩格斯选集(第一卷)[M]. 北京:人民出版社,1972.

[责任编辑:官君策] 标签:主义 思想 库特卜 库特 埃及穆斯林兄弟会 哈桑·班纳 
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